Fons Françoise, Faculté de Pharmacie Université de Montpellier, UMR 5175 CEFE, Professeur, France,
Weber Ravn Helle, Krusaavej 3, DK-8600 Silkeborg, Dept. of Research & Development, Chercheur, Denmark,
Rapior Sylvie, Faculté de Pharmacie Université de Montpellier, UMR 5175 CEFE, Professeur, France,
About two hundred Plantago species are worldwide distributed. Several Plantago species, i.e., P. asiatica, P. lanceolata, P. major and P. ovata are well-known as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant . Indeed, they are used in traditional medicines as intestinal transit regulators, insect bites, eye irritation, for wound healing property as well as to relieve pain or to act on inflammatory symptoms in several chronic diseases (irritable bowel syndrome, chronic bronchitis…). Seeds of several species produce mucilage which explains both traditional and current uses as natural laxative agent based on changes in the intestinal resorption of lipids and sugars . Leaves of Plantago species produce iridoids, phenolic compounds and cinnamic acid derivatives ; these bioactive molecules from plantains extracts are used in the treatment of eye pathologies or respiratory tract diseases. In the present work [4-5], we evaluate and discuss on Plantago species uses to prevent or treat human affections with a base of pain or inflammation comparing various experimental approaches (in vitro, in vivo, clinical trials).
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